Bartomeu Vallori Márquez, Miguel Ángel Cau Ontiveros et Margarita Orfila Pons. “The small temples in the forum of Pollentia (Mallorca, Balearic Islands)”

Bartomeu Vallori Márquez, Miguel Ángel Cau Ontiveros et Margarita Orfila Pons. “The small temples in the forum of Pollentia (Mallorca, Balearic Islands)”

Bartomeu Vallori Márquez, Miguel Ángel Cau Ontiveros et Margarita Orfila Pons, « The small temples in the forum of Pollentia (Mallorca, Balearic Islands) », Mélanges de l’École française de Rome – Antiquité [En ligne], 128-1 | 2016, mis en ligne le 21 mars 2016, consulté le 26 avril 2016. URL : http://mefra.revues.org/3428

After the Roman conquest of the Balearic Islands in 123 BC, the cities of Palma and Pollentia were founded in the SW and NE of the island of Mallorca respectively. The first structures documented archaeologically in Pollentia date to 70/60 BC. The city had its largest development between the 1st century BC and the 3rd century AD, reaching an extension close to 20 ha. Archaeological excavations have uncovered the remains of the forum with a Tuscan temple, an insula of tabernæ and small temples and monuments, residential areas, a theater and necropolises. In the late 3rd century (270/280 AD) a fire destroyed a large part of the city. After this episode, Pollentia was still occupied, but many areas were never reinhabited and the building activity decreased. The aim of this paper is to analyze the remains of two small temples in the northern area of the forum that were discovered in the 1980s. A first approach to the architecture of these temples and the small monuments related to them will consist of a close view of their particular features, including building techniques, decorations and other remains. The buildings will be contextualized in the western Mediterranean through their comparison to similar buildings from Spain and Italy. Reconstruction proposals will be provided as a result of this research, but also as a means of studying the elevations that these buildings may have had. Some considerations will be made on the functions that every element could have had. A new interpretation of the area where the small temples are located as a transitional area is proposed, affecting urban design plan and the topography of the city.

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